Provinces

Map of the Provinces of Indonesia

Administrative Divisions

Indonesia consists of 33 provinces, five of which have special status. Each province has its own political legislature and governor. The provinces are subdivided into regencies (kabupaten) and cities (kota), which are further subdivided into subdistricts (kecamatan), and again into village groupings (either desa or kelurahan). Following the implementation of regional autonomy measures in 2001, the regencies and cities have become the key administrative units, responsible for providing most government services. The village administration level is the most influential on a citizen’s daily life, and handles matters of a village or neighborhood through an elected lurah or kepala desa (village chief).

The provinces of Aceh, Jakarta, Yogyakarta, Papua, and West Papua have greater legislative privileges and a higher degree of autonomy from the central government than the other provinces. The Acehnese government, for example, has the right to create an independent legal system; in 2003, it instituted a form of Sharia (Islamic law). Yogyakarta was granted the status of Special Region in recognition of its pivotal role in supporting Indonesian Republicans during the Indonesian Revolution. Papua, formerly known as Irian Jaya, was granted special autonomy status in 2001. Jakarta is the country’s special capital region.

Indonesian provinces and their capitals:

Sumatra

  1. Aceh (Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam) – Banda Aceh
  2. North Sumatra (Sumatera Utara) – Medan
  3. West Sumatra (Sumatera Barat) – Padang
  4. Riau – Pekanbaru
  5. Riau Islands (Kepulauan Riau) – Tanjung Pinang
  6. Jambi – Jambi (city)
  7. South Sumatra (Sumatera Selatan) – Palembang
  8. Bangka-Belitung (Kepulauan Bangka-Belitung) – Pangkal Pinang
  9. Bengkulu – Bengkulu (city)
  10. Lampung – Bandar Lampung

Java

  1. Jakarta – Jakarta
  2. Banten – Serang
  3. West Java (Jawa Barat) – Bandung
  4. Central Java (Jawa Tengah) – Semarang
  5. Yogyakarta Special Region – Yogyakarta (city)
  6. East Java (Jawa Timur) – Surabaya

Lesser Sunda Islands

  1. Bali – Denpasar
  2. West Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Barat) – Mataram
  3. East Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Timur) – Kupang

Kalimantan

  1. West Kalimantan (Kalimantan Barat) – Pontianak
  2. Central Kalimantan (Kalimantan Tengah) – Palangkaraya
  3. South Kalimantan (Kalimantan Selatan) – Banjarmasin
  4. East Kalimantan (Kalimantan Timur) – Samarinda

Sulawesi

  1. North Sulawesi (Sulawesi Utara) – Manado
  2. Gorontalo – Gorontalo (city)
  3. Central Sulawesi (Sulawesi Tengah) – Palu
  4. West Sulawesi (Sulawesi Barat) – Mamuju
  5. South Sulawesi (Sulawesi Selatan) – Makassar
  6. South East Sulawesi (Sulawesi Tenggara) – Kendari

Maluku Islands

  1. Maluku – Ambon
  2. North Maluku (Maluku Utara) – Ternate

Papua

  1. West Papua (Papua Barat) – Manokwari
  2. Papua – Jayapura

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